Sentence 062 Let the cat out of the bag. March 3, 2019

Sentence 062 Upload for March 3, 2019

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Sentence 061 Let the cat out of the bag. March 2, 2019

061-01 I went to the station yesterday and met Jerry.

061-02 If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday, I wouldn’t’ve met Jerry.

061-03 I went to the station yesterday to meet Jerry.

061-04 If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday to meet Jerry, he would’ve lost his way.

061-05 I didn’t go to the airport yesterday to meet Jerry.

061-06 If I had gone to the airport yesterday to meet Jerry, I wouldn’t’ve found him there.

061-07 Roger practised his serving a great deal and he won the championship last night.

061-08 If Roger hadn’t practised serving a great deal, he wouldn’t’ve won the championship last night.

Leslie: Here and Now we are dealing with Sentences in Past Time – Past Tense and we turn them into Past Conditional Sentences.

In the first Sentence ’I went to the station yesterday and met Jerry.’, the Time Marker is ’yesterday’ and it is in Past Time.

The Past Time Marker makes the Past Tense of the Verbs and these are ’WENT’ and ’MET’ in this Sentence.

If we look back with REGRET to the Past Time and think that the Action should’ve happened differently from the way it did, and its Result should’ve been different from what it  was, we can express this with a Third Conditional Sentence: ’If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday, I wouldn’t’ve met Jerry.’

The Past Condition is ’If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday’ and we cannot make it by making the Past Tense Conditional;

the Verb WENT doesn’t have a Conditional Form, so we’ve got to use the Past Conditional Form of the Verb GO.

In the Past Condition, we have both a TIME MARKER [yesterday] and a CONDITION MARKER [If] and the two together make the Past Conditional [Negative] Form of the Verb GO: HADN’T GONE.

From the Anatomy of Conditional Sentences, we know that the Action always Preceeds the Result; in other words, the Result is always in Relative Future to the Action.

We express this Conditional Future in the Past with WOULD [Not] + PERFECT INFINITIVE of the Verb MEET.

In the next Sentence ’I went to the station yesterday to meet Jerry.’, the Time Marker is ’yesterday’ and it is in Past Time.

The Past Time Marker makes the Past Tense of the Verb GO and it is WENT.

If we look back with REGRET to the Past Time and think that the Action should’ve happened differently from the way it did, and its Result Should’ve been different from what it was, we can express this with a Third Conditional Sentence: ’If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday to meet Jerry, he would’ve lost his way.’

The Past Condition is ’If I hadn’t gone to the station yesterday to meet Jerry,’ and we cannot make it by making the Past Tense Conditional;

The Verb WENT doesn’t have a Conditional Form, so we’ve got to use the Past Conditional of the Verb GO.

In the Past Condition, we have both a TIME MARKER [yesterday] and a CONDITION MARKER [If] and the two together make the Past Conditional [Negative] Form of the Verb GO: HADN’T GONE.

From the Anatomy of Conditional Sentences, we know that the Action always preceeds the Result; in other words, the Result is always in relative Future to the Action.

We express this Conditional Future in the Past with WOULD  + PERFECT INFINITIVE of the Verb LOSE.

In the next Sentence ’I didn’t go to the airport yesterday to meet Jerry.’, the Time Marker is ’yesterday’ and it is in Past Time.

The Past Time Marker makes the Past Tense [Negative] of the Verb GO and it is DIDN’T GO.

If we look back with A SIGH OF RELIEF to the Past Time and think that the Action could’ve happened differently from the way it did, and its Result could’ve been different from what it was, we can express this with a Third Conditional Sentence: ’If I had gone to the airport yesterday to meet Jerry, I wouldn’t’ve found him there.’

The Past Condition is ’If I had gone to the airport yesterday to meet jerry,’ and we cannot make it by making the Past Tense Conditional;

the Verb DID doesn’t have a Conditional Form, so we’ve got to use the Past Conditional of the Verb GO.

In the Past Condition, we have both a TIME MARKER [yesterday] and a Condition marker [If] and the two together make the Past Conditional Form of the Verb GO:  HAD GONE.

From the Anatomy of Conditional Sentences, we know that the Action always preceeds the Result; in other words, the Result is always in relative Future to the Action.

We express this Conditional Future in the Past with WOULD [Negative] + PERFECT INFINITIVE of the Verb FIND.  

In the next Sentence ’Roger practised his serving a great deal and he won the championship last night.’, the Time Marker  is ’last night’ and it is Past Time.

The Past Time Marker makes the Past Tense of the Verb PRACTISE and it is PRACTISED.

If we look back with a SIGH OF RELIEF to the Past Time and think that the Action could’ve happened differently from the way it did, and the Result could’ve been different from what it was, we can express this with a Third Conditional Sentence: ’If Roger hadn’t practised serving a great deal, he wouldn’t’ve won the championship last night.’

The Past Condition is ’If Roger hadn’t practised serving a great deal’ and we cannot make it by making the Past Tense Conditional;

the Verb PRACTISED doesn’t have a Conditional Form, so weve got to use the past Conditional of the Verb PRACTISE.

In the Past Condition, we have both a TIME MARKER [at or before last night, coming from the Result] and a Condition Marker [If] and the two together make the Past Conditional [Negative] Form of the Verb PRACTISE:  HADN’T PRACTISED.

From the Anatomy of Conditional Sentences, we know that the Action always preceeds the Result; in other words, the Result is always in relative Future to the Action.

We express this Conditional Future in the Past with WOULD [Negative] + PERFECT INFINITIVE of the Verb WIN.

Sentence 061 Upload for March 2, 2019

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Sentence 060 Let the cat out of the bag. March 1, 2019

060 If Dorothy has finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she will watch her favourite soap.

060 If Dorothy finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she would watch her favourite soap.

060 If the bank transfer gets through, we must go and buy a new laptop.

060 If the bank transfer got through, we would have to go and buy a new laptop.

060 If there is fair wind tomorrow, we may go sailing in the bay.

060 If there were fair wind tomorrow, we would have the chance to go sailing in the bay.

Leslie: Here and Now we are going to show that the First Conditional and the Second Conditional will become exactly the same Third Conditional with the Passage of Time.

In the first Sentence ’If Dorothy has finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she will watch her favourite soap.’ the Condition is ’If Dorothy has finished her homework by 4 o’clock,’ and it is IF + PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE of the Verb FINISH;

it expresses High Probability for the Condition in Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Result is ’she will watch her favourite soap.’ and it is in FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE;

it expresses High Probability for the Result in Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

With the passage of Time, the Time changes from Present Here and Now to Past Time, and with it the First Conditional changes into Third Conditional: ’If Dorothy had finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she would’ve watched her favourite soap.’

It is clear that, although it had High Probability, she didn’t finish her homework by 4 o’clock, and, consequently, she didn’t watch her favourite soap either.

In the next Sentence ’If Dorothy finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she would watch her favourite soap.’ the Condition is ’If Dorothy finished her homawork by 4 o’clock,’ and FINISHED is the CONDITIONAL FORM of the Verb FINISH;

it expresses Low Probability for the Condition in Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Result is ’she would watch her favourite soap.’ and WOULD is the CONDIONAL FORM of the Verb WILL;

it expresses Low Probability for the Result in the Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

With the Passage of Time, the Time changes from Present Here and Now to Past Time, and with it the Second Conditional changes into Third Conditional: ’If Dorothy had finished her homework by 4 o’clock, she qould’ve watched her favourite soap.’

It had Low Probability to start with and she didn’t finish her homework by 4 o’clock so, as a Result, she didn’t watch her favourite soap either.

In the Sentence ’If the bank transfer gets through, we must go and buy a new laptop.’ the Condition is ’If the bank transfer gets through,’ and it is the PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE of the Phrasal Verb GET THROUGH;

it expresses High Probability for the Condition in Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Result is ’we must go and buy a new laptop.’ and it is the Here and Now NON-PAST FORM of the Verb MUST that means Necessity or Obligation;

it expresses High Probability for the Result in the Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

With the passage of Time, the Time changes from Present Here and Now to Past Time, and with it the First Conditional changes into Third Conditional: ’If the bank transfer had got through, we would’ve had to go and buy a new laptop.’

It is clear that, although it had High probability to start with, the bank transfer didn’t get through and, consequently, we didn’t have to go and buy a new laptop either.

There is NO CONDITIONAL FORM of MUST but it has an equivalent HAVE and the CONDITIONAL FORM of HAVE is WOULD HAVE;

the Verb WOULD doesn’t have a Past Form so we have to make it Past by adding PERFECT INFINITIVE instead of the ’NORMAL’ INFINITIVE;

that is why the Result is ’would’ve had to go and buy a laptop.’

In the next Sentence ’If the bank transfer got through, we would have to go and buy a new laptop.’ the Second Condition is ’If the bank transfer got through,’ and GOT THROUGH is the CONDITIONAL FORM of the Phrasal Verb GET THROUGH.

It expresses Low Probability in the Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Result is ’we would have to go and buy a new laptop.’ and it expresses Low Probability in the here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Verb MUST doesn’t have a CONDITIONAL FORM but it has an equivalent form HAVE;

the Conditional Form of HAVE is WOULD HAVE.

With the passage of Time, the Time changes from Present Here and Now to Past Time, and with it the Second Conditional changes into Third Conditional: ’If the bank transfer had got through, we would’ve had to go and buy a new laptop.’

It had Low Probability to start with and the bank transfer didn’t get through so, consequently, we didn’t have to go and buy a new laptop either.

The Verb WOULD doesn’t have a past Form so we have to make it Past by adding PERFECT INFINITIVE instead of the ’NORMAL’ INFINITIVE;

that is why the Result is ’we would’ve had to go and buy a new laptop.’

In the Sentence ’If there is fair wind tomorrow, we may go sailing in the bay.’ the First Condition is ’If there is fair wind tomorrow,’ and it is the PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE for the Verb BE;

it expresses High Probability for the Condition int he Here and Now Present.

The Result is ’we may go sailing in the bay’ and it is the Here and Now NON-PAST FORM of the Verb MAY that means POSSIBILITY;

it expresses High Probability for the Result in the Here and Now NON-PAST TIME: ’If there had been fair wind the next day, we might’ve gone sailing in the bay.’

With the passage of Time, the Time changes from PRESENT Here and Now to PAST TIME and with it, the First Conditional changes into Third Conditional.

It is clear that, although it had High Probability to start with, there wasn’t fair wind the next day so, consequently, we didn’t go sailing in the bay.

The Verb MAY has a CONDITIONAL FORM ’MIGHT’ and we can make CONDITIONAL PAST by adding PERFECT INFINITIVE instead of the ’NORMAL’ INFINITIVE;

that is why the Result is ’we might have gone sailing in the bay.’

In the next Sentence ’If there were fair wind tomorrow, we might go sailing in the bay.’ the Second Condition is ’If there were fair wind tomorrow,’ and WERE is the CONDITIONAL FORM of the Verb BE.

It expresses Low Probability in the Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

The Result is ’we might go sailing in the bay.’ and it expresses Low Probability int he Here and Now NON-PAST TIME.

 With the passage of Time, the Time changes from Present Here and Now to Past Time, and with it the Second Conditional changes into Third Conditional: ’If there had been fair wind the following day, we might have gone sailing int he bay.’

It had Low Probability to start with and there wasn’t fair wind the following day so, consequently, they didn’t go sailing either.

The Verb MIGHT doesn’t have a past Form so we have to make it Past by adding PERFECT INFINITIVE instead of the ’NORMAL’ INFINITIVE;

that is why the Result is ’we might’ve gone sailing in the bay.’

Sentence 060 Upload for March 1, 2019

Select the bad one(s); which is the worst?

We'll let the cat out of the bag tomorrow.

If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to raise them.

If you have any problems in reading the Blue Screenshots, please tell me and I can send you pdf files via email or Skype.

This system doesn't support the pdf format.