Q 007: What is an antecedent?
007: It is somebody or something we mentioned before. In ’I’m sending this bar of chocolate to Sophy. Please take it home and give it to her.’
'This bar of chocolate' is the antecedent to 'it', and ’Sophy’ is the antecedent to
Without mentioning chocolate first,
'it' has no meaning at all. Without mentioning Sophy first, the word ’her’ has either no meaning at all, or it has too many meanings.
When we mention 'it' in the second sentence, we understand 'a bar of chocolate'. When we mention ’her’ in the second sentence, we understand ’Sophy’.