Jan. 26, 2019

Sentence 026 Let the cat out of the bag.

026 1A: May I have some chocolate?

026 1B: Sure. I have a little chocolate on the shelf.

026 2C: May I have some chocolate?

026 2D: Sorry, but I have to say ’No’. I have little for myself.

026 3E: The Montgolfier Brothers saw that smoke flies high. They first thought that the smoke would lift their balloon.

026 3F: They filled their balloon with smoke and wanted to make it fly but with little success.

026 4G: They burned charcoal that doesn’t make much smoke and realised that the hot air flies high.

026 4H: They filled their balloon with hot air let it fly with a little success.

Leslie: I want to find the Odd-man-out and I want to invite you to come with me.

It will be a monologue this time due to an internet failure at Christine’s end.

The first exchange runs like this:

-         May I have some chocolate?

-         Sure. I have a little chocolate on the shelf.

Our focus is on the contrast between ’little’ and ’a little’.

We can learn from the situation / context that the positive response is based on ’a little = not much but enough for the purpose’.

The second exchange shows a completely different situation:

-         May I have some chocolate?

-         Sorry, but I have to say ’No’. I have littie for myself.

Our focus is still ont he contrast between ’little’ and ’a little’.

We can learn from the situation / context that the negative response is based on ’little = not much and not enough for the purpose’.

The third pair of Sentences take us back to the early history of flying, namely to the first pioneering steps of the Montgolfier Brothers to create a lighter-than-air flying craft.

Their experiments are not scientifically well-based; they feel like more a trial-and-error process.

Because of the scientific misconcepts, their first experiments are doomed to failure.

This is shown in the second Sentence: ’They filled their balloon with smoke and wanted to make it fly but with little success.’

We can read it from the situation / context that the failure comes from ’little success’.

’Little success’ is not enough to call it success, in other words it is failure.

In the last pair of Sentences, the situation is completely different.

The Brothers depend more on science and success is just round the corner.

In the last Sentence, ’They filled their balloon with hot air and let it fly with a little success.’ we have to read ’a little success’ as ’success’, ever if it is not full scale.

Just to make it clear why we should call ’little success’ the Odd-man-out here, mind that ’a little chocolate’ is chocolate, ’little chocolate’ is still chocolate, ’a little success’ is success, but ’little success’ is failure.