Dec. 25, 2018

Sentence 000 Probe

000 I missed my train this morning.

Leslie: Is there a Time Marker in the sentence?

Kriszti (28): Yes. It is ’this morning’.

L: Yes and No. A real Time Marker marks Absolute Time, i. e. one that makes the Tense; ’this morning’ is more an Adverb of Time since ’this morning’ may mean any Time, Past, Present or Future, or to match it to our System, Past or Non-Past. The real meaning of ’this morning’ depends on the context.

K: I thought that this is a Past Time Marker because it has made Past Tense.

L: Correct. As we’ll see later, many sentences in Course Books and Grammar Books are half-defined, i. e. they may mean many different things. Only the context, or, for solo sentences, a Horizontal Extension can limit the multiple meanings into one.

K: What is a Horizontal Extension?

L:  I’ll give you an example for ’I missed my train this morning’. I will talk about it as long as you understand the same as I do.

I usually get up at 6:00 a. m. I have a shower, get dressed, have breakfast with my family, clean my teeth, kiss goodbye to my family, and leave home at 7:20 to catch my train at 7:40.

This morning, however, I woke up just before 7 o’clock, did everything in a rush, missed my breakfast, ran to the station and could only see the beautiful back of my train as it pulled out of the station.

Please click HERE to see Sentence 000 in the Table of Tenses and then go on and do the relevant exercises.

Please click HERE to consult with the New Cheese Test Qs&As.