The Do Family -- Encarta

do [doo]

(past did [did], past participle done [dun], present participle do·ing, 3rd person present singular does [duz], plural dos) CORE-MEANING: a verb indicating that somebody performs an action, an activity, or a task. It is often used as an informal equivalent of more specific and less frequent verbs, e.g. "do your nails" instead of "paint your nails."
He usually did the cleaning on a Sunday morning.
Why won't you let me do your hair for you?
Assuming that your terminal is properly set up, here is what you have to do to connect it.

1.  transitive verb
use something: to use something in a particular way
She's done absolutely nothing with the money she inherited.
 
2.  transitive verb
take action: to take action in a situation in order to change it or solve a problem
Companies must decide what to do about their chemical waste.
 
3.  transitive verb
cause something: to cause or produce an effect or result
These disputes do little to help the peace process.
 
4.  transitive verb
work at something: to work at something, especially as a job or profession, or as a course of study
What does your mother do at the bank?
 
5.  transitive verb
be occupied with something: to be occupied or busy with something
Are you doing anything this evening?
 
6.  vti conduct self: to behave in a particular manner
Do what you want.
Do as you please.
 
7.  intransitive verb
fare: to be successful or unsuccessful to a particular extent
Automobile insurance companies are doing well this year.
 
8.  transitive verb
provide something: to prepare or provide something
I'm sorry but we don't do a lunch menu.
 
9.  transitive verb
achieve speed or rate: to achieve a particular speed or rate
We were doing 55 down the freeway.
We did about 400 miles a day.
 
10.  transitive verb
study something: to study or work at doing something
Have you done Nabokov yet?
I've never been able to do algebra.
 
11.  transitive verb
perform something: to perform or act a play, role, or accent
They're doing "Macbeth."
I'm not very good at doing accents.
 
12.  transitive verb
visit or explore place: to visit or explore a country or city as a tourist (informal)
We're doing London tomorrow.
 
13.  vti be adequate: to be adequate in quantity or quality for somebody or something
A paper cup does just as well.
Just an orange juice will do me.
 
14.  transitive verb
serve time in prison: to serve a period of time in prison (slang)
He's doing time for cheating on his taxes.
 
15.  transitive verb
exhaust somebody: to wear somebody out (informal) 
16.  transitive verb
U.K. adapt something: to translate or adapt a play, book, or other work (informal)
The novel was done into a feature film.
 
17.  transitive verb
cheat somebody: to cheat or trick somebody (informal)
They did her out of her lunch money.
 
18.  transitive verb
rob somebody: to rob a person or place (slang)
They got caught while they were doing the local bank.
 
19.  transitive verb
take drugs: to take or use a narcotic drug (slang)

 
20.  transitive verb
have sex with somebody: to have sexual intercourse with somebody (slang)

 
21.  transitive verb
murder somebody: to kill somebody deliberately (slang) 

22.  auxiliary verb
forms questions and negatives: used with simple present and simple past tenses in the formation of questions and negative sentences. "Do" and "did" are often contracted to "don't" and "didn't" in negative structures.
What did he want?
Don't sit there!
It doesn't matter if you can't come.
 
23.  auxiliary verb
gives emphasis: used to emphasize a positive statement or command, often as a way of politely inviting or persuading somebody to do something
Yes, I do realize you can't finish the work today.
Please do be quiet!
 
24.  auxiliary verb
changes emphasis: used to form inverted sentences in order to change the emphasis of a statement
She hopes to go to college, as do her brothers.
 
25.  auxiliary verb
replaces another verb: used to replace an earlier verb or verb phrase to avoid repetition, usually when comparing two things
I want to have a break just as much as you do.
 
26.  noun
U.S. U.K. New Zealand social gathering: a formal social gathering, e.g. a wedding reception (informal)
attended a big do at the White House
 


[ Old English dōn < Indo-European, "to place"]

could do with to want or need something
I could do with some help.
have to do with somebody or something to be connected with somebody or something to concern somebody or something to involve contact or a relationship with somebody or something
that does it! used to indicate that you are not prepared to tolerate any more (informal)
That does it! I'm calling my lawyer!
the dos and don'ts the correct way to proceed or behave in a particular situation
a list of dos and don'ts for the first-time investor

See dew.do ... have or have ... got?

Both these constructions are used in questions and in negative statements: Do you have change for a dollar? or Have you got change for a dollar?I don't have any change or I haven't got any change. Some consider the first wording in each pair to be more proper, perceiving have ... got as colloquial and even redundant, and pointing out that have alone is sufficient to signify possession. But Have you change? and I haven't any change are not idiomatic, and do ... have has just as many syllables as have ... got. Therefore, it is hard to see what reasonable basis exists for preferring do ... have to have ... got.did you or have you?

A distinction that arises in connection with questions and negative statements is represented by the wordings Did you see the show? or Have you seen the show?I didn't see the show or I haven't seen the show. In informal conversation, the two are used almost interchangeably. In strict usage, however, there is a difference in time perspective: the first wording (Did you...?) in each pair refers to a particular point in the past, whereas the second (Have you...?) has to do with any time in the past (thus, ever could be added to the second sentence in each pair without substantially changing its meaning).
Word Key: Synonyms

See perform.

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